To run a zoo in England, Scotland and Wales, you need a licence which is subject to conditions to ensure the proper conduct of the zoo from the local authority in whose area the zoo is located.
The licence is subject to an annual fee. The current fee is given in the Council's Fees and Charges list.
At least two months before making an application for a licence, the applicant must give notice in writing (including by electronic means) to the Council of their intention to make the application. The notice must identify:
The zoo's location
The types of animals and approximate number of each group kept for exhibition on the premises and the arrangements for their accommodation, maintenance and wellbeing
The approximate numbers and categories of staff to be employed in the zoo
The approximate number of visitors and motor vehicles for which accommodation is to be provided
The approximate number and position of access to be provided to the premises
How required conservation measures will be implemented at the zoo
At least two months before making the application, the applicant must also publish notice of that intention in one local newspaper and one national newspaper and exhibit a copy of that notice. The notice must identify the location of the zoo and state that the application notice to the local authority is available to be inspected at the local authority offices.
Application Evaluation Process
When considering an application the local authority shall take into account any representations made by or on behalf of:
The chief officer of police in the relevant area
The appropriate authority - this is either the enforcing authority or relevant authority in whose area the zoo will be situated
The governing body of any national institution concerned with the operation of zoos
Where part of the zoo is not situated in the area of the local authority with power to grant the licence, a planning authority for the relevant area (other than a county planning authority) or, if the part is situated in Wales, the local planning authority for the area in which it is situated
Any person alleging that the zoo would affect the health or safety of people living in the neighbourhood
Anyone stating that the zoo would affect the health or safety of anyone living near it
Any other person whose representations might show grounds on which the authority has a power or duty to refuse to grant a licence
Before granting or refusing to grant the licence, the local authority shall consider any inspectors' reports based on their inspection of the zoo, consult the applicant about any conditions they propose should be attached to the licence and make arrangements for an inspection to be carried out.
At least 28 days notice of the inspection shall be provided by the local authority.
The local authority will not grant the licence if they feel that the zoo would adversely affect the health or safety of people living in near it, or seriously affect the preservation of law and order or if they are not satisfied that appropriate conservation measures would be satisfactorily implemented.
An application may also be refused if:
The local authority are not satisfied that accommodation, staffing or management standards are suitable for the proper care and wellbeing of the animals or for the proper conduct of the zoo
The applicant, or if the applicant is an incorporated company, the company or any of the company's directors, managers, secretaries or other similar officers, or a keeper in the zoo, has been convicted of any offence involving the ill-treatment of animals
Applications to renew a licence will be considered no later than six months before the expiry of the existing licence, unless a shorter time period is allowed by the local authority.
The Secretary of State, after consulting the local authority, may direct them to attach one or more conditions to a licence.
The local authority may advise the Secretary of State that, because of the small number of animals kept in the zoo or the small number of the kinds of animal kept there, a direction should be made that that a licence is not required.
Will Tacit Consent Apply?
Before issuing a licence, an inspection of the premises concerned may be undertaken to ensure the health and welfare of the animals are protected so tacit consent would not be granted in these circumstances.
- Send notification of your intention to operate a zoo
- Apply for a licence to operate a zoo
- Tell us about a change to your existing zoo licence
- Renew an existing zoo licence
Failed Application Redress
Please contact us.
If the applicant is refused a licence, they may appeal to a magistrates' court.
Licence Holder Redress
Please contact us.
A licence holder may appeal to a Magistrates' court against:
Any condition attached to a licence or any variation or cancellation of a condition
The refusal to approve the transfer of a licence
A zoo closure direction
Enforcement steps relating to any unmet condition.
The appeal must be brought within 28 days from the date on which the licence holder receives written notification of the authority's decision as to the relevant matter.
We would always advise that in the event of a complaint the first contact is made with the trader by you - preferably in the form a letter (with proof of delivery). If that has not worked, if you are located in the UK, Consumer Direct will give you advice. From outside the UK contact the UK European Consumer Centre.
Any person who wishes to appeal against a decision to close a zoo may apply to the local Magistrates' court or, in Scotland, to the sheriff. Appeals must be made within 28 days of the notice of the local authority decision.
Tel: 0115 907 2244 ext 3820